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The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disability) is entrusted with the empowerment of the Persons with Disabilities. The main activity are:
- Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/Appliances (ADIP) Scheme
Under the ADIP Scheme, grant-in-aid is released to various implementing agencies (National Institutes/ Composite Regional Centres/Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India(ALIMCO)/District Disability Rehabilitation Centres/State Handicapped Development Corporations/other local bodies/ NGOs) to assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable, sophisticated and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances to promote physical, social and psychological rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities by reducing the effects of disabilities and at the same time enhance their economic potential.
Revision of ADIP Scheme
The salient features of the revised ADIP Scheme are as indicated below:-
- Enhancement of income eligibility ceiling for 100% concession from the existing Rs. 6,500/- per month to Rs. 15,000/- per month and for a 50% concession from Rs. 15001/- to Rs. 20,000/- per month.
(ii) To provide accessible mobile phone to visually impaired students of the age of 18 years and above only, once in five years and to provide laptop, Braille Note Taker and Brailler to school going disabled students (10th and above), once in 10 years.
(iii) Cost ceiling for aids/appliances revised from Rs. 6000/- to Rs. 10,000/- for single disability and from Rs. 8,000/- to Rs. 12,000/- for Students with Disabilities.
(iv) Ceiling of cost of medical/surgical correction which presently ranges from Rs. 500/- to Rs. 3,000/- revised as under:-
(a) From Rs.500/- to Rs.1,000/- for hearing and speech impaired.
(b) From Rs.1,000/- to Rs.2,000/- for visually disabled.
(c) From Rs.3,000/- to Rs.5,000/- for orthopedically disabled.
(v) Enhancing the extent of subsidy for motorized tricycles and wheelchairs from the present Rs. 6,000/- to Rs. 25,000/- for severely disabled and for locomotor disabilities such as Quadriplegic (SCI), Muscular Dystrophy, Stroke, Cerebral Palsy, Hemiplegia and any other person with similar conditions where either three/four limbs or one half of the body are severely impaired. This will be provided to the persons of age of 18 years and above, once in 10 years.
- vi) Provision for cochlear implant for 500 children per year with Hearing disability under the scheme, with a ceiling of Rs. 6.00 lakh per unit. Income ceiling for the beneficiaries will be the same i.e., up to Rs. 15,000/- per month for 100% concession and from 15001/- to Rs. 20,000/- per month for 50% concession.
vii) Implementing agencies shall use 5% of the grant-in-aid as administrative/overhead expenses for conducting awareness, assessment and follow-up camps.
- Scheme for Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 (SIPDA)
Financial assistance is provided under the Scheme to State Govt. and institutions/organisations run by the Central and State Governments for various activities for implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act, mainly for providing barrier free environment in Universities, Public Buildings, State Government Secretariat, office of State Commissioner for Disabilities etc., to make Government websites at the State and District levels accessible to PwDs, to establish early diagnostic and intervention centres at District Headquarters/other places having Government Medical Colleges, Skill development programmes for PwDs, construction of special recreation centres for PwDs where the appropriate Governments/local authorities have their own land.
3-Setting up of National Institute for Inclusive and Universal Design
Ministry propose to establish National Institute for Inclusive and Universal Design on the Inclusive Agenda of Universal Design which will focus on Environmental access by everyone, though assigning higher importance to access by people with Disabilities
- Setting up of Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre(ISLRTC)
- Ministry proposes to set up Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLRTC) under the aegis of Department of Disability Affairs.
- The Institute will lead the way in academic development, training and propagation of Indian Sign Language.
- State Spinal Injury Centres
- Department is in process of formulation of a Scheme of setting up of State Spinal Injury Centre for which an outlay of Rs. 20 crore has been earmarked under the 12th Five Year Plan.
- The focus of the State Spinal Injury Centres shall be mainly on the comprehensive management of Spinal Injuries.
- Establishment of Centre for Disability Sports
- Centre for Disability Sports is proposed to be established for which Rs. 20.00 crore is earmarked for 12th Plan period.
- Action has been initiated to engage a consultant for preparation of Detailed Project Report.
- Ministry also proposes to establish Regional Centres.
- Directory of Aids & Assistive Devices
The Department in collaboration with TIFAC, an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology, initiated a web portal for meeting the accessible needs relating to aids and appliances for persons with disabilities. The web portal has been launched by the Hon’ble President on 3rd December 2014.
- Rights of Persons with Disabilities
The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 has been in force for over 17 years. In order to harmonize the provisions of this Act in Line with the United Nation Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), the Act has been reviewed and a new Bill namely Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2013 was finalized after extensive consultations with the Central Ministries/Departments, State Governments/UTs and various stakeholders. Accordingly, the Department moved a Cabinet Note on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2013 to replace the existing Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 on 11.12.2013. The Union Cabinet in its meeting held on 12.12.2013 approved the RPwD Bill. Subsequently, the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on 6th February 2014 and it was referred to Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee for examination. The Parliamentary Standing Committee.
- International Cooperation
UNESCO organised an International Conference ” From Exclusion to Empowerment: The Role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Persons with Disabilities) in New Delhi from 24th – 26th November, 2014 in association with this Department and Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Conference deliberated on various key issues such as challenges faced by persons with disabilities to access information and knowledge, technological solutions available to provide equitable access etc. The Department supported the conference not only from logistical point of view but also in the form of participation in exhibition, chairing/participating in different session of the conference
- District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (DDRCs)
To create infrastructure and capacity building at District level for providing comprehensive rehabilitation services to the persons with disabilities at the grass root level and for facilitating at the district level for awareness generation, training rehabilitation professionals theMinistry provides assistance for setting up District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (DDRCs) in underserved districts of the country. Until March, 2010, 199 DDRCs have been sanctioned. Out of this 185 such DDRCs are functional as on date.
In the budget speech of the Finance Minister for 2010-11, it was announced that 100 new DDRCs would be opened during the remaining period of XI Five Year Plan. Accordingly 100 under-served districts in 20 States were identified and concerned State Governments requested to send proposals for setting up new DDRCs.
The National Programme for prevention and control of Japanese Encephalitis (JE)/Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) in the country prepared by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare covers 60 priority districts of 5 States and inter alia approved setting up of 15 new DDRCs in the remaining high priority districts of 4 States. Out of 15 new DDRCs 11 have been set up.
- Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)
The Department of Disability Affairs is implementing a flagship Scheme, namely, Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS) under which this Department has been providing grant-in-aid to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for projects relating to rehabilitation of persons with disabilities including Vocational Training aimed at enabling persons with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal, physical, sensory, intellectual, psychiatric or social functional levels. There are 18 model projects under the Scheme. There are 66 manpower categories comprising 48 technical, 4 technical (part-time), and 14 non-technical categories. Following programmes are funded (upto 90% of the project cost) under DDRS for providing a wide range of services to children/persons with disability:
(a) programmes for pre-school and early intervention (b) special education, (c) vocational training and placement (d) community based rehabilitation (e) manpower development (f) psycho-social rehabilitation of persons with mental illness (g) rehabilitation of leprosy-cured persons, etc.